Sri Lanka, India and Egypt have opposed two agreements of the World Trade Organization that propose not to restrict exports and be more transparent.
Members of the World Trade Organization are seeking to forge agreements on food security to ease strained supply and sharply higher prices that the war in Ukraine has worsened.
The 164-member trade body is seeking to reach two agreements at a major meeting of trade ministers this week in Geneva on steps to alleviate a food crisis that threatens the least developed and most vulnerable countries.
One would be a declaration to keep markets open, not restrict exports and be more transparent.
The other would be a binding decision not to curb exports to the World Food Programme (WFP), which seeks to fight hunger in places hit by conflicts, disasters and climate change.
The International Monetary Fund has said that about 30 countries have restricted exports of food, energy and other commodities, including India with wheat.
A WTO spokesperson told a news conference that WTO members expressed broad support for both texts, with the exception of Egypt, India and Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka and Egypt, both net food importers, want recognition that their ability to export food might be limited.
India, meanwhile wants the WTO to allow developing countries to hold food stocks without facing penalties for breaching rules on farm support.
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development meanwhile called on WTO members to refrain from imposing restrictions on exports of essential foodstuffs to vulnerable countries and the WFP.