The Cabinet paper presented by President Ranil Wickremesinghe for the provision of 10kg of rice monthly for two million low income families, including Samurdhi beneficiaries for a period of two months, has been approved.
Accordingly, the government will purchase 61,600MT of paddy to meet the requirement of 40,000MT.
The programme is proposed to be implemented by District Secretaries and Divisional Secretaries with the assistance of small and medium-scale paddy mills.
Under the District Secretaries and Divisional Secretaries, rice will be distributed among the identified Samurdhi beneficiaries including low-income earners using the existing system and the Ministry of Women, Child Affairs and Social Empowerment will coordinate the District Secretaries and issue necessary instructions to them.
The total estimated cost is Rs.8,040 million, which includes Rs.6,200 million for paddy purchase, Rs.290 million for rice drying, Rs.590 million for milling charges, Rs.200 million for packing costs, Rs.160 million as additional payment to mill owners, and Rs.600 million for transportation.
However, the programme’s estimated cost will vary depending on market fluctuations, and a budget provision of around Rs.10,000 million will be allocated to be used if the need arises.
According to data from the Departments of Agriculture and Agrarian Development, the land extent used for paddy cultivation in the 2022/2023 Maha season is approximately 732,201 hectares, and the expected yield is 3.3 million metric tons, while approximately 2.2 million metric tons of rice can be produced.
Given the country’s monthly rice requirement of approximately 210,000MT, it has been observed that the next Maha season may see a paddy surplus.
As a result, in order to protect both the paddy farmer and the consumer, the government must intervene in the purchase of a specific amount of paddy during the 2022/23 season.
Furthermore, due to the country’s economic situation, it is necessary to protect low-income groups of society from the negative effects of the crisis by assisting them in maintaining a good nutritional level.
This group consists of approximately 2 million families, including Samurdhi beneficiaries.
Although the government has provided additional funds for this group until April 2023, there is a need to care for these low-income earners for a further period.
Because the paddy harvest in this season of 2022/2023 is expected to be higher than the previous Maha season, it is appropriate to use a portion of the paddy to provide additional support to identified low-income earners in order to maintain their standard of living.